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140                                        tfLOHA  INJMCA.
and Nagpur, the former occupying the upper part of the basin
of the Tapti, and that of its tributary the Pimm, the latter
situated on a tributary of the Godavery, and therefore sepa-
rated by no well-defined boundary from the [north-eastern purl
of the Dekhan.
To the north, Berar is separated from the valley of the
Nerbada by the continuation of the Satpura range, gradually
increasing in height to the eastward, and attaining an eleva-
tion of 3000 feet, south of Hosungabad. The Rev. Mr. Clarke
states that Chouragadh, the highest peak of the Mahadeva
hills, north of Nagpur, rises to 4*200 feet. The Ajanta range,
on the contrary, is very inconspicuous to the eastward, as the
plain on both sides slopes up to its crest; but the Guwilgarh
hills, which separate the Puma and Tapti rivers, rise in peaks
to a height of 3000 feet. The eastern boundary of Berar cor-
responds pretty closely with the watershed of the Mahuuadi
river, the elevation of wliich is unknown. Bcrar is, in general,
level, but the plains arc separated by low ranges of naked
table-topped hills, most numerous in the northern portion,
Nagpur is 900 feet above the level of the sea, and Elliehpur
may be conjectured to be very little more.
The rains in Berar arc of short duration, but more con-
siderable in amount than in the Western Dekhan. At Nag-
pur, the fall is 40 or 50 incites between June and October,
The remainder of the year is dry and intensely hot, the
mean temperature of Nagpur being 81 J. rlhc vegetation IK
probably identical with that of the Dekhan, but the province
is botauically unknown.
9. OETSSA,
Under this name we include the whole jbtisiu of the Malm-
nadi river. On the north, this province is bounded by the
crest of the Vindhia, on the north-cast by a spur descending
thence towards the sea near Balasor, on the soitili-cuBt by the
sea, on the west by the watershed separating the 'Muhamuli
from tho tributaries of the Ooclavery, and on the south-west
by that river from Chandah to the sea.